Fatigue, weakness, bad mood, apathy: behind these symptoms familiar to city dwellers, depression can hide. There are many subtle symptoms of depression that mask this serious condition.
- Lethargy and chronic fatigue
It has been scientifically proven that during depression, an important neurotransmitter for the body – serotonin, known as the “hormone of happiness and joy”, is practically not produced. He is responsible for cheerfulness, behavior and mood. A decrease in this active substance in the body leads to excessive fatigue and lethargy.
These signs can be harbingers of many diseases. When depressed, they take on slightly different traits. A person lacks either physical or mental strength. He loses interest in everything, the desire to do something disappears. The main indicator of a sign of depression in such people is the inability to gather the will into a fist and overcome this state on their own.
- Lack of interests and pleasure
When depressed, a person does not feel the taste of life. He ceases to enjoy those things that once gave joy. And he cannot find new interests and sources of positive emotions. He ceases to be interested in communicating with other people. In psychology, this state is called anhedonia, as opposed to hedonism – the desire for pleasure. A person suffering from depression exposes himself to voluntary isolation, striving to reduce all contacts to nothing. Usually, it is the loss of interest in life that is the first signal of depression.
- Irritability and other negative emotions
Another sign of depression symptom is negative emotions. They can manifest themselves in the form of aggression, excessive irritability, anger. Moreover, the response often does not correspond to the stimulus itself. Rage and anger can cause quite harmless actions. Emotions splash out on subordinates, colleagues, and bystanders. But most often, close ones are on the “line of fire”.
There are people who know how to restrain their feelings and emotions. It is a blessing for others, but not for the person himself. Constant suppression of irritability over time can lead to organic diseases, such as stomach ulcers or malignant neoplasms. Over time, depression can develop into other mental disorders, for example, anxiety disorder . To cope with this condition, a person can addicted to psychotropic drugs, drugs or alcohol.
- Sleep disturbance
This disorder goes hand in hand with depression. It’s all about neurotransmitters again. Melatonin is responsible for sleep, the production of which is influenced by serotonin. The lack of the hormone of joy also reduces the synthesis of the hormone of sleep. Sleep becomes intermittent, anxious. In such a state, a person stays not one night, but constantly. A vicious circle is formed, because sleepless nights aggravate depression, do not allow the body to relax and rest. Chronic insomnia is damaging not only to the nervous system, but also to the immune system.
- Excessive worry
The mental state of the patient with depression is subject to great trials. Any failure can lead to despair. A person fixates on his sufferings, thinks only about them, cannot switch to other activities. People with depressive disorder feel anxious, anxious, and prone to panic attacks. (Link to article “Panic and Panic Attacks”) Sometimes this state turns into paranoia. Over time, the mental state begins to affect the activity of the internal organs. The vessels and the heart are the first to suffer: blood pressure rises, tachycardia occurs.
- Impairment of memory and concentration
Numerous studies have found that decreased concentration is a clear symptom of impending depression in both women and men. The person is depressed, he cannot concentrate on work, ignores important tasks, and sometimes he cannot cope with them. In this case, memory deteriorates. Difficulties arise in memorizing new material. It is difficult for the patient to pick up and extract from the caches of memory the simplest and most familiar words: names, names of ordinary things, known dates.
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- Feelings of guilt and loss of self-esteem
The tendency to self-digging, looking for mistakes in the past and present, a gloomy idea of life are often a manifestation of depression. A person plunges into himself, is engaged in self-flagellation. He loses interest in other people. Psychiatrists note that patients with depressive disorders are more likely to blame themselves than
Depression is a serious condition that cannot be completely cured if it is severe. That is why you should not ignore the first signs of a depressive state. If you find manifestations of the above symptoms in you or your loved ones, it is better to immediately consult a specialist.
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