Good and bad stress: understanding types of stress and stages of development
In fact, stress helps our body, it is a natural mechanism that starts the process of adapting to any internal and external changes.
You cut your finger – you are under stress, which makes it clear to your body that it is time to throw the rescue team to heal the wound. or you flew to a tropical country – stress tells your body what to change and how to handle the heat and humidity more easily.
However, stress can develop into a permanent state and then it becomes dangerous for your entire health and normal life.
Stress can be of two types: positive and negative.
Eustress and Distress
The first form – eustress, can be caused by both positive emotions (positive) and negative events (mobilizing).
In this state, a person is aware of his problems, his condition. The body mobilizes and focuses on completing tasks. This happens under the influence of adrenaline and other related hormones.
The person becomes more active. He successfully copes with the assigned tasks at work and at home. But the resource of the human body is exhausted. Long-term negativity leads to a destructive form.
It drains the nervous system and destroys the body. Mental activity suffers, our performance decreases. Stress targets the immune system and hits it. The body becomes vulnerable to various diseases.
Distress – grief, suffering, severe malaise, exhaustion.
Distress is divided into several subtypes.
Physiological stress arises as a response to unfavorable internal factors, unmet physiological needs. They can be pain, hunger, thirst, abstinence. Negative environmental conditions also contribute. Cold, constant noise, air pollution becomes stress for us.
Our emotions can cause stress too. Emotional stress is one of the most common types of stress. Even happy events cause distress. It’s all about prolonged emotional stress. It ultimately leads to psychological and moral exhaustion.
Short-term stress occurs as a response to a sudden strong impact. It manifests itself as fright and other reactions. It usually goes away quickly and has no consequences, but can be profound and traumatic.
The most severe and dangerous type is chronic stress. Negative factors constantly affect us. A person does not notice them, they become a “background”. However, in the end, this “background” leads not only to nervous exhaustion, but also diseases, depression, and a general decrease in the quality of life.
Stages of stress
Many scientists and specialists in the field of psychology have studied stress. Experts identify several stages of stress. In the classical view, there are three stages of stress.
3 stages of stress development
In this stage of stress, the body mobilizes all forces to respond and get out of a negative situation. The duration depends on factors such as the peculiarity of the human psyche and the strength of the stimulus. It can last from a few minutes to a week. At this stage, human behavior changes: fussiness, irritability appears.
At this stage, the person effectively copes with the overexertion. A person is able to analyze and look for optimal ways out of the situation.
When a person’s internal resources are exhausted and there is no reserve for recovery, the third stage of stress begins. At the same time, a person feels tired, apathy. He loses interest in life, gives up and does not resist stimuli. Internal emptiness can develop into physical illness and mental problems.
According to the International Health Organization, every third worker in Russia experiences severe stress at least once a week, and 13% – almost daily
Causes of stress
The main cause of stress is the situations that provoke it, they are called stress factors. Given that the life of a modern person is dynamic and unpredictable, there are a great many reasons. Constant troubles, misunderstanding of loved ones, running stresses at work, breakdown of household appliances or a car, and just daily worries. All this provokes irritation and anxiety.
Sometimes the lack of change, routine and groundhog day can be the main cause of stress. Each person has his own individual psyche, which is an annoying nuisance for one, for another cause of stress.
Causes of stress
Top Causes of Stress
- conflicts with family and friends;
- unemployment and debt;
- overwork, lack of vacation;
- chronic diseases and overweight
- dissatisfaction with yourself and your superfluous appearance
Stress develops on three levels: biochemical, psychological and physiological.
When a person finds himself in a stressful situation, his blood glucose level rises, blood pressure rises, the heartbeat becomes more frequent, the deposition of adipose tissue in the subcutaneous tissue increases, sodium is retained, and with it water in the tissues, and potassium, necessary for the work of the heart and nerves, it is excreted faster than necessary.
The impact of stress on the body and human health
In any case, the effect of stress on the body is significant and the stronger and longer it is, the more it causes consequences. From mild irritability and self-doubt to reduced strength and motivation to act, severe malaise and depression. That is why it is so important to understand your condition and be able to recognize the symptoms of stress, and, accordingly, in time to direct forces to overcome it.